|State subsidy printouts for individual school districts have been released for fiscal year 2018-2019, with a number of funding and policy changes affecting the amount each district gets.
While General Purpose Aid increased substantially for the upcoming fiscal year, some districts are getting less funding – a function driven in many cases by property valuations. The state went back to a two-year average for 2018-2019 and that change, coupled with rising property values, created increased valuations as high as 6 percent.
The distribution formula uses a combination of property values and enrollment to determine who gets what share of increased subsidy. To see a chart showing valuation and enrollment by district, click here: Changes to Valuation, Pupil Counts, and Per Pupil Valuations from FY 18 to FY 19 by SAU.
Changes to the Essential Programs and Services funding model enacted in the biennial budget also affected what each district received. Those changes include:
- Recognizing 100 percent of EPS versus 97 percent, which increased total allocation by $42 million.
- Increasing the special education allocation by $30 million. The major cost driver here is increasing the weight to 1.5 versus the current 1.27. Minimum receivers also will get 40 percent of their special education costs as minimum aid, up from 33 percent.
- Changing the way CTE is funded to a program-based model and providing 100 percent funding from the state versus a state and local shared cost. That coupled with the desire to hold harmless CTEs that would lose money under the program model has increased this category by an estimated $23 million. Some of these changes require law changes that have yet to be approved. Legislation is anticipated. It also should be noted that the CTE allocation for CTE Centers is going directly to the Centers and not to sending schools. That will increase the Center allocation line on the ED 279, and decrease the sending school allocation. To read more about CTE click here: Guidance for Changes to Career and Technical Education Funding.
- Funding new and expanded Pre-K programs upfront for the coming fiscal year to allow them to get started will cost an additional $10 million. Changing the student-teacher ratio for early childhood from 17-1 to 15-1 will cost an additional $8 million.
To see an overview of all the changes and a link to the ED 279s, click here: 2018/19 subsidy printouts (ED279s) available with detailed explanation of funding changes.
The overall increase in the cost of education, including the CTE changes that still have to be approved by the Legislature, will result in a mill rate of 8.5.
DOE Deputy Commissioner Suzan Beaudoin said at a press conference this morning a provision in the biennial budget that requires increased state aid be used for property tax relief only applies if more GPA is approved this year. Funding for schools approved last year, following a government shutdown, was $48.4 million in the current fiscal year and $113.6 million in 2018-2019.